On May 04, 2016, the Department of Homeland Security published a proposed rule in announcing that filing fees for many U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) petitions and applications are expected to increase. According to the regulation, fees for most employment-based petitions and applications would be raised by an average of 21%. Other types of petitions may experience a higher increase in filing fees. The increase will not take effect until the federal government approves the regulation, which is expected to take several months following the close of the 60-day comment period on July 5, 2016.